CONTRACEPTION (FAMILY PLANNING)
by Joy Thomas
Jun 1, 2020
Contraception or as commonly known as family planning is a method by which pregnancy is prevented. This allows many to attain the desired number of children and determine the desired spacing of pregnancies. This is achieved through various contraceptive methods. This is not new to many, but it is very important, especially now that we’ve all been forced to stay home due to the current pandemic.
Benefits of Contraception
- Prevention of unintended pregnancies.
- Attaining the desired number of children.
- Determining the desired spacing of pregnancies.
- Reduction of adolescent pregnancies.
Who Provides Contraceptives?
Contraceptives are widely available and easily accessible through midwives and other trained health personnel to anyone who is sexually active, including adolescents. They also provide some form of counselling. For methods like sterilization, referral to a clinician is needed.
Types of Contraception
- Periodic abstinence e.g. coitus interruptus, Lactational amenorrhea, natural family planning.
- Mechanical barriers e.g. male condom, female condom, cervical cap, diaphragm, spermicidal agents.
- Hormonal contraceptives e.g. progestin-only oral contraceptives, combination oral contraceptives, implants, combined objective contraceptives, contraceptive vaginal ring.
- Intrauterine devices
- Sterilization e.g. female sterilization, male sterilization.
- Emergency post-coital contraception.
Choosing a method of contraception is a well informed process, and it is dependent on you. You don’t want to find out you are pregnant before you do something. Why not do something before it happens.