HEPATITIS B

by Yen Express


Jul 29, 2020


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Hepatitis B Is a disease caused by Hepatitis B virus. There's an estimated of 862,000 people living with hepatitis B. 15%–25% of chronically infected people develop chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer.

Hepatitis B is a disease caused by Hepatitis B virus. There's an estimated of 862,000 people living with hepatitis B. 15%–25% of chronically infected people develop chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer.

Causes/ Transmission
The hepatitis B virus can be transmitted by;

  • Birth to an infected mother or during early childhood.
  • Sex with an infected person
  • Sharing equipment that has been contaminated with blood from an infected person, such as needles, syringes, and even medical equipment, such as glucose monitors
  • Sharing personal items such as toothbrushes or razors.

Symptoms
Some people do not experience any symptoms when newly infected. However, others have acute illness with symptoms that last several weeks, including:

  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), 
  • Darkurine,
  • Fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. 

A small subset of persons with acute hepatitis can develop acute liver failure, which can lead to death. In some people, the hepatitis B virus can also cause a chronic liver infection that can later develop into cirrhosis (a scarring of the liver) or liver cancer.


Prevention & treatment
Hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccines that are safe, available and effective.
WHO recommends the use of antiviral prophylaxis for the prevention of hepatitis B transmission from mother-to-child.
Safer sex practices, including minimizing the number of partners and using barrier protective measures help to reduce the risk if getting infected.


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